Infertility in Canada

One is six Canadian couples who are affected by infertility often suffer in silence.

Causes of Infertility

Infertility in Canada can be and is often a stressful and shameful time in someone’s life, especially when couples find out they are not able to conceive a child. Most of the time, infertility is assumed a woman’s issue; however, lately, men are factored in nearly half of all the cases. Some of the contributing factors to infertility are linked to maternal age and weight.

Maternal age

Some women are focusing on their careers rather than having children first. According to Balasch and Gratacos, “In Canada, most women will deliver their first child above the age of 30 with the proportions of first births after age 34 increasing from 6% (1975) to 18% (1995) to 25% in 2005” . This delay occurs because more young women are concentrating on education and financial independence. However, most of these women are fully aware of the consequences of a delayed pregnancy and do tend to rely on assisted reproductive technology such as fertility medication, in vitro fertilization and surrogacy.


Anorexia and obesity play a significant role in infertility. Women who suffer from eating disorders and who subject themselves to excessive exercise are very likely to suffer from infertility. Some eating disorders are not diagnosed until it is too late. Infertility signs for anorexic women are having no menstrual periods or having irregular menstrual periods. And infertility signs for obese women are problems with ovulation and irregular menstrual periods. However, both are linked to having miscarriages.
Seeking out a fertility specialist can help anorexic and obese women gain control their weight issues and in the end, increase fertility.
Juan Balasch and Eduard Gratacós, “Delayed Childbearing: Effects on Fertility and the Outcome of Pregnancy,” Fetal Diagnosis and Therapy 29, no. 4 (2011): , doi:10.1159/000323142.